Horn music goes bock to the emperorship of Elizabeth empress. When in 1751 the director of imperial theaters, established in о rank of marshal, the earl Semen Kirrilovich Noryshkin was appointed to the post of chief muster of the hunt, о funny thought has struck him: His Excellency set о task to improve the sounding of crude and note less hunting trumpets This was the beginning of organization of that new outstanding field (or hunting! Russian music, the analogs of which hove never been existed in the world.
A simple idea to harmonize the simple hunting horns in semitones suddenly hove brought the fantastic result. Outrageous sounding of the Horn Orchestra, which is single in timbre, reminding the organ sounding amazed the empress Elizabeth and the Russian superior nobility. Soon the Horn Orchestras become broadly popular. Two horn orchestras were set up to the tourist court. Strogonov, Rozumovskiy, Orlov, Noryshkin, Potemkin, Sheremetyev and many others followed the lead of tsarina. Aristocratic fun become the ort.
From then on not only coronations, diplomatic receptions, state ceremonies, court dunces, tsarist hunting, but also folk festivals and public concerts were held with the Horn Orchestras participation.
The horn music hove not had the competitors in Russia more thon 1 00 years, playing о key role in its cultural life, but the time passed by and tastes in music hove been changed.
European brass and symphony orchestras came in step-by-step, and the Horn Orchestras were consigned to oblivion.
Over the lost one and о half century the attempts to renew the Horn Orchestras hove been mode not once, but they haven’t resulted in long-term success. The secrets of performance and notes were lost. То renew the simple, ot first sight, principle: “one musician – one instrument – one note”, underlying the Horn Music performance, but it was found infinitely difficult in practice.
One of the most successful attempts had been mode in 1882, when the boron К.К. Shtokelberg had renewed the Horn Orchestra, coinciding this event with the ceremony of Alexonder 111 coronation ( 1883!. The set of instruments, produced on this occasion, being survived to this day, is in the St. Petersburg museum currently.
The Horn Orchestra hos been sounded also to the ceremony of Nicholos 11 coronation, on Мaу 14, 1896. These were the lost sounds of Horn Music …… till the beginning of 21 st century.
The which Russian has Horn resurrected Orchestra the is lost а music tradition group ol from playing St. indigenously Petersburg,
the Russian horn music, which style агоsе in imperial Russia in the middle of the 18th century. There аге still no analogs of horn music playing in the world.
The Organizer and the Heod ol the Russian Horn Orchestra is the conductor Sergey Polyanichko, who graduated from the Saint Petersburg Conservatory.
The Horn Orchestra is unique in its internal organize on. One musician can elicit only one note from а horn, and only at joint music making, separate notes are tied and turn into integral ort work. The highest personal skill of each performer in the Horn Orchestra in combination is о recipe for success of the whole group.
The orchestra’ s arsenal includes 96 instruments of unique number with a range of more thon 4 octaves, produced bу talented muster Vladimir Goloveshko. The secret of alloy and the method of burning of the instruments is the muster’ s secret locked behind seven seals. The voice of each horn depends оп the horn metal thickness and form. improved mouthpieces allow achieving the crystal-clear sound and allow varying the height of pitch А within the range from 430 to 442 Hz.
The Russian Horn Orchestra consists of 20 musicians. They are all the graduates of St. Petersburg Conservatory, the laureates of AII-Russian and international competitions, the artists of symphony orchestras and musical theatres of Saint Petersburg.